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Obstetric Interventions

View the Evidence:
73 Abstracts with Obstetric Interventions Research

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Pubmed Data : J Med Assoc Thai. 2010 Nov;93(11):1274-83. PMID: 21114206
Study Type : Meta Analysis
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Pubmed Data : Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 2007 Dec;42(12):818-21. PMID: 18476514
Study Type : Meta Analysis
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Pubmed Data : BMJ. 2007 Nov 17;335(7628):1025. Epub 2007 Oct 30. PMID: 17977819
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 Jul 21. Epub 2010 Jul 21. PMID: 20652289
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Pediatrics. 2010 Jun;125(6):e1433-40. Epub 2010 May 17. PMID: 20478942
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Breastfeeding
Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Life Sci. 2007 Jul 19;81(6):509-18. Epub 2007 Jun 28. PMID: 15121564
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2010 Apr;36(2):248-53. PMID: 20492373
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : BJOG. 2006 Jan;113(1):75-85. PMID: 16398775
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007 Apr;47(2):110-4. PMID: 17355299
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 May 27. Epub 2010 May 27. PMID: 20505947
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005(4):CD000331. Epub 2005 Oct 19. PMID: 16235275
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Epidural Analgesia, Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jan;202(1):35.e1-7. Epub 2009 Nov 4. PMID: 19889389
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Sep;201(3):273.e1-9. PMID: 19733277
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Birth Induction, Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi. 2008 Jun;43(6):401-4. PMID: 19035130
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Birth Induction, Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Gynecol Obstet Fertil. 2010 Dec;38(12):747-53. PMID: 15321436
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Breastfeeding
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Epidural Analgesia, Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008(4):CD004667. Epub 2008 Oct 8. PMID: 18843666
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Midwifery Care
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Birth. 2006 Sep;33(3):175-82. PMID: 16948717
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004 Jun;61(6):618-27. PMID: 15184241
Study Type : Meta Analysis
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Feb;97(2):169-74. PMID: 11165576
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Gastroenterology. 2005 Apr;128(4):849-55. PMID: 15825068
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2011 Jul 7. Epub 2011 Jul 7. PMID: 21739532
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2001 Mar 1;26(3):236-45. PMID: 11242196
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr;105(4):836-42. PMID: 15802414
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2009 Jul 29:1-8. Epub 2009 Jul 29. PMID: 19642043
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Article Publish Status : This is a free article. Click here to read the complete article.
Pubmed Data : PLoS Med. 2012 Apr ;9(4):e1001208. Epub 2012 Apr 24. PMID: 22545024
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Expectant Management
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1998 Jul;105(7):710-7. PMID: 9692410
Study Type : Meta Analysis
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010(9):CD001993. Epub 2010 Sep 8. PMID: 20824830
Study Type : Meta Analysis
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Pubmed Data : Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Feb;35(2):223-7. PMID: 20049981
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Apr ;95(4):589-95. PMID: 10725495
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Sao Paulo Med J. 2007 Sep 6;125(5):261-4. PMID: 18094891
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Int J Cancer. 2009 Nov 15;125(10):2465-73. PMID: 11950733
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Mult Scler. 2011 Oct 7. Epub 2011 Oct 7. PMID: 21982872
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1995 Feb;102(2):101-6. PMID: 7756199
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Placebo Effect
Additional Keywords : Mind-Body Medicine
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Lancet. 2003 Nov 29 ;362(9398):1779-84. PMID: 14654315
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Hum Reprod. 1998 Dec;13(12):3347-50. PMID: 9886512
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Birth. 2010 Dec;37(4):275-9. PMID: 21083718
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2004 Nov;5(6):566-70. PMID: 15530194
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Oct;94(4):600-7. PMID: 10511367
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
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Pubmed Data : Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000 May;182(5):1058-62. PMID: 10819827
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
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Pubmed Data : Midwifery. 2009 Apr;25(2):e31-8. Epub 2007 Nov 5. PMID: 17980469
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Breastfeeding
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Epidural Analgesia, Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Acta Paediatr. 2009 Jul ;98(7):1096-9. PMID: 19638013
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2003 Jul;82(7):654-8. PMID: 12790848
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2012 Aug ;33(194):86-9. PMID: 23009005
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Therapeutic Actions : Acupuncture
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery, Nocebo Effect
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Pubmed Data : Ann Afr Med. 2010 Oct-Dec;9(4):246-50. PMID: 20935426
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Acta Paediatr. 2004 May;93(5):643-7. PMID: 15174788
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Apr;105(4):690-7. PMID: 15802392
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol. 2010 Jan;115(1):70-6. PMID: 20027037
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Therapeutic Actions : Expectant Management, Natural Birth
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Pubmed Data : Indian Pediatr. 2009 Feb;46(2):127-32. PMID: 19242029
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Diseases that are Linked
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Nov ;128(5):948-55.e1-3. Epub 2011 Aug 27. PMID: 21872915
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Home Birth, Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Jun;19(6):580-2. PMID: 12099260
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : CMAJ. 2009 Sep 15;181(6-7):377-83. Epub 2009 Aug 31. PMID: 19720688
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Home Birth, Midwifery Care, Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Hum Reprod. 1993 Mar;8(3):442-4. PMID: 8473464
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Anesth Analg. 2008 Oct ;107(4):1295-302. PMID: 18806043
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010(1):CD007223. Epub 2010 Jan 20. PMID: 20091626
Study Type : Human Study
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Article Publish Status : This is a free article. Click here to read the complete article.
Pubmed Data : Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Nov ;211(5):502.e1-8. Epub 2014 Jul 1. PMID: 24996659
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Am J Clin Nutr. 2015 Mar ;101(3):523-9. Epub 2014 Dec 24. PMID: 25733637
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Anemia
Additional Keywords : Risk Factors
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : CMAJ. 2007 Feb 13;176(4):455-60. PMID: 17296957
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Hum Reprod. 2005 Apr;20(4):1067-71. Epub 2004 Dec 23. PMID: 15618248
Study Type : Human Study
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Pubmed Data : Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007 Jun;47(3):181-5. PMID: 17550483
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2012 Mar 5. Epub 2012 Mar 5. PMID: 22384940
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Birth Induction, Cesarean Delivery
Problem Substances : Pitocin (Synthetic Oxytocin)
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Pubmed Data : Fertil Steril. 2009 Nov;92(5):1776-9. Epub 2009 Jun 27. PMID: 19560759
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Miscarriage
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Pubmed Data : Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2008 Dec ;141(2):104-10. Epub 2008 Aug 22. PMID: 18722701
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Cesarean Section
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery, Urbanization
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Pubmed Data : Fertil Steril. 2010 Aug;94(3):850-5. Epub 2009 Jun 13. PMID: 19524893
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Diseases : Endometriosis
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : BMJ. 2011 ;343:d7400. Epub 2011 Nov 23. PMID: 22117057
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Home Birth, Midwifery Care
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Hospital Birth, Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 Sep 14. Epub 2010 Sep 14. PMID: 20838800
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Natural Birth
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Pubmed Data : Hum Reprod. 2002 Jun;17(6):1638-42. PMID: 12042291
Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Freedom To Choose
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Pubmed Data : J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2011 Jan 5. Epub 2011 Jan 5. PMID: 21208344
Study Type : Human: Case Report
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Pubmed Data : J Obstet Gynaecol. 2010;30(7):667-70. PMID: 20925606
Study Type : Human: Case Report
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Iatrogenic Disease
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Duodecim. 2010;126(21):2486-91. PMID: 21171473
Study Type : Review
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Pubmed Data : Midwifery Today Int Midwife. 2008(88):24, 66-7. PMID: 19244777
Study Type : Commentary
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Obstetric Interventions
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Pubmed Data : Food Funct. 2016 Apr 20 ;7(4):1752-68. PMID: 26979945
Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Substances : Probiotics
Diseases : Chronic Disease
Additional Keywords : Microbiota, Risk Reduction
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2012 Feb ;87(1):229-43. Epub 2011 Aug 5. PMID: 21815988
Study Type : Review
Additional Links
Anti Therapeutic Actions : Cesarean Delivery
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Pubmed Data : Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2001 Feb;56(2):105-13. PMID: 11219590
Study Type : Review

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Obstetric Interventions-Related Blogs

Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
Whether she is aware of it or not, the woman decides when, where and how to give birth. Our bodies are under our control whether we have accessed the keys to that control or not. Extreme control has been demonstrated by highly trained martial arts experts who can prevent themselves from ovulating. Mothers at term have put themselves into labor by simply walking up a steep hill for an hour to start contractions.
Written by Sayer Ji, Founder
A new study linking birth induction to autism is rippling through the mainstream press, but something vitally important is being lost in the translation; namely, the need to return to natural, ancient birth practices, whenever possible.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
In 2009, while 99.3% of US women delivered in hospital, 0.7% delivered at home. In response to this slight rise in homebirths, The American Journal of Obstetricians and Gynecologists issued a warning to all doctors and midwives to refuse to attend homebirth under all circumstances. In the absence of respected medical research showing planned homebirth to be unsafe, their recommendation is based on a single maternal death reported in the Daily Mail.
Written by Sayer Ji, Founder
The relatively recent discovery of the microbiome is completely redefining what it means to be human, to have a body, to live on this earth.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
"Mars Attack" is new term coined to describe unjustified violation of women by care providers at the time of birth, as well as the purposeful abandonment of the peer review system by major obstetric journals and the abandonment of the use of research evidence by ACOG in their latest protocols, in order to justify continued use of this form of violence against women.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
When twins are diagnosed before labor, both twins are head down and full term and delivered within 15 minutes of each other, attended home birth is as safe as hospital birth.
Written by Kelly Brogan, M.D.
When it comes to pregnancy, this intervention has slipped stealthily into the experience of nearly every pregnant woman alive today. But is it safe for expectant mothers or their babies?
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
Cord prolapse, a cause of permanent disability and death, can be caused by amniotomy at or near term. To achieve optimal neonatal outcomes, the amniotic sac should not be ruptured artificially to speed up labor or induce labor.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
Since the ability of ultrasound to both diagnose and improve outcomes of severe defects is close to non-existant in most locations, routine prenatal ultrasound screening is most often simply the best way to terrify a pregnant woman.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
It's hard to compete with 20 billion years of evolutionary selection, but the current medical management of the birth of the fetus and the placenta attempts to do just that, albeit rather unsuccessfully. For eons, all animals including humans passed on genes and habits that ensured delivering a live healthy newborn without bleeding excessively or dying of postpartum hemorrhage at birth.
Written by Kelly Brogan, M.D.
A revolutionary new concept -- that the bacteria in our bodies is essential to our health -- is only just filtering down into modern day obstetrics. The health of our next generation depends on it.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
Caesarean sections, unless strictly indicated, may be harmful to the health of mothers and their newborn babies. Two questions remain. Why are rates still on the increase? What can be done to reverse current trends? As a head obstetrician recently said, "If highly-paid soccer goalies won't practice evidence-based diving for the ball when they are paid millions of dollars a year, what hope is there for obstetricians?"
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
Today research wrongly considers hospital birth as the gold standard. Bias towards hospital births causes the majority of researchers to ignore the fact that women could achieve even better outcomes than hospital birth, at planned attended homebirth.
Written by Judy Cohain, CNM
45% of births in the US are now induced, but evidence supporting this intervention is severely lacking. Case controlled studies show no benefit to inducing for postdates. Routinely inducing for postdates is based on 3 uncontrolled, retrospective studies showing 1/1000 less stillbirths while ignoring possible increases in brain damage to newborns as a result of induction.

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