Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Aegle marmelos leaf extract ameliorates the cognitive impairment and oxidative stress induced by intracerebroventricular streptozotocin in male rats.

Abstract Source:

Life Sci. 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13. PMID: 30771313

Abstract Author(s):

Shikha Raheja, Amit Girdhar, Anjoo Kamboj, Viney Lather, Deepti Pandita

Article Affiliation:

Shikha Raheja

Abstract:

AIMS: Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa (A. marmelos) has been used in Ayurvedic medicine as a brain tonic however its neuroprotective effect against streptozotocin (STZ) induced cognitive impairment and oxidative stress has not been reported yet in vivo. Therefore, the present study was attempted to investigate the neuroprotective potential of ethanolic extract of A. marmelos leaves (AME) on STZ induced memory impairment in male rats.

MAIN METHODS: Albino Wistar rats were pre-treated orally with AME at the doses 200 and 400 mg/kg for two weeks, followed by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of STZ (3 mg/kg) on day 1 and 3. Two weeks after STZ administration, behavioural parameters were monitored using Morris water maze task. Biochemical and histopathological studies were carried out after three weeks of STZ administration. The levels of oxidative stress markers (malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione, nitrite, catalase) neuroinflammatory mediators; tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity were estimated in hippocampus of rat brain. Donepezil (5 mg/kg) was taken as a standard drug.

KEY FINDINGS: The levels of MDA, nitrite, TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly increased while glutathione levels were significantly decreased in hippocampus of STZ-treated rats. Further, a significant decrease in the activity of catalase and increase in AChE activity was observed indicating cholinergic hypofunction and neuronal damage in STZ-treated animals. All these alterations were significantly ameliorated by AME in a dose dependent manner.

SIGNIFICANCE: The neuroprotective potential of A. marmelos against STZ induced oxidative stress and cognitive deficit in rats indicates its therapeutic value in Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.