Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 250,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Easy Turmeric recipes + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Aluminum adjuvant linked to Gulf War illness induces motor neuron death in mice.

Abstract Source:

Neuromolecular Med. 2007;9(1):83-100. PMID: 17114826

Abstract Author(s):

Michael S Petrik, Margaret C Wong, Rena C Tabata, Robert F Garry, Christopher A Shaw

Article Affiliation:

Department of Ophthalmology and Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. mspetrik@interchange.ubc.ca

Abstract:

Gulf War illness (GWI) affects a significant percentage of veterans of the 1991 conflict, but its origin remains unknown. Associated with some cases of GWI are increased incidences of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other neurological disorders. Whereas many environmental factors have been linked to GWI, the role of the anthrax vaccine has come under increasing scrutiny. Among the vaccine's potentially toxic components are the adjuvants aluminum hydroxide and squalene. To examine whether these compounds might contribute to neuronal deficits associated with GWI, an animal model for examining the potential neurological impact of aluminum hydroxide, squalene, or aluminum hydroxide combined with squalene was developed. Young, male colony CD-1 mice were injected with the adjuvants at doses equivalent to those given to US military service personnel. All mice were subjected to a battery of motor and cognitive-behavioral tests over a 6-mo period postinjections. Following sacrifice, central nervous system tissues were examined using immunohistochemistry for evidence of inflammation and cell death. Behavioral testing showed motor deficits in the aluminum treatment group that expressed as a progressive decrease in strength measured by the wire-mesh hang test (final deficit at 24 wk; about 50%). Significant cognitive deficits in water-maze learning were observed in the combined aluminum and squalene group (4.3 errors per trial) compared with the controls (0.2 errors per trial) after 20 wk. Apoptotic neurons were identified in aluminum-injected animals that showed significantly increased activated caspase-3 labeling in lumbar spinal cord (255%) and primary motor cortex (192%) compared with the controls. Aluminum-treated groups also showed significant motor neuron loss (35%) and increased numbers of astrocytes (350%) in the lumbar spinal cord. The findings suggest a possible role for the aluminum adjuvant in some neurological features associated with GWI and possibly an additional role for the combination of adjuvants.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.

gulf war syndrome



When I first met a client years ago, who had recently returned from the Gulf War, she left out that information.  I am a seer and this was a client who had been referred by her partner with a Christmas gift certificate for a consultation.  When she walked in, what stood out the most were extremely odd energies I had never seen before.  I'm a seer.  It is easy for me to see various qualities of energies inside and around the body.  What I was looking at was truly shocking and I had no idea how to talk about this.  Usually, when a person is as sick as she was, the person comes referred by their doctor.  Unfortunately, I had to be the one to send her to the doctor for confirmation of a brain tumor, that needed medical imaging.  Complicating the tumor was a very mysterious "black spore" that was "stuffed" as in "tightly packed" inside her body.  I knew this was NOT caused by ingesting the substance.  But how could there be so much quantity that was causing such congestion?  Then there was the "black spore" that was in significant quantity throughout her electromagnetic field.  It wasn't as tightly packed, but there was too much that indicated it was from environmental exposure.  But how could it be such a lingering influence in such quantity?  Oddly, the black spore in her field, did not seem like she could be "contagious" either.  I called the doctors I knew.  No one knew what this black spore could be.

I sent her to her doctor. While she was in the waiting room, she picked up a magazine with a photo of Sadam Hussein on the cover. Opening the magazine, she found a map of the Middle East that had markers that indicated where there had been environmental exposure to biological warfare. She brought me the magazine and pointed to the map.  "Black Spore" aka Anthrax.  I had to do some research to find out if the military had given vaccinations to the GI.  I found the evidence that supported the fact that military personnel had indeed been vaccinated with Anthrax "black spore".  

It took fully 3 years of treatment and spiritual/emotional work to rid her system of all black spore and the brain tumor.

Login or Register to write a comment

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 250,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Easy Turmeric recipes + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2017 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.