Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Hesperidin exerts antidepressant-like effects in acute and chronic treatments in mice: possible role of l-arginine-NO-cGMP pathway and BDNF levels.

Abstract Source:

Brain Res Bull. 2014 May ;104:19-26. Epub 2014 Apr 5. PMID: 24709058

Abstract Author(s):

Franciele Donato, Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, André Tiago Rossito Goes, Carlos Borges Filho, Lucian Del Fabbro, Michelle S Antunes, Leandro Cattelan Souza, Silvana Peterini Boeira, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse

Article Affiliation:

Franciele Donato

Abstract:

Hesperidin (4'-methoxy-7-O-rutinosyl-3',5-dihydroxyflavanone), a naturally occurring flavanone glycoside, was previously shown to produce an antidepressant-like effect with modultation of the serotonergic 5-HT1A and kappa-opioid receptors. In this study, the signaling mechanisms underlying their antidepressant-like effects were further evaluated by investigating in acute and chronic treatments. Results showed that chronic treatment of hesperidin or hesperitin (0.1, 0.3 and 1mg/kg, intraperitoneal, i.p.) have an antidepressant-like effect in the mouse tail suspension test (TST) without modified the locomotor activity in the open field test. Pretreatment with l-arginine (a nitric oxide (NO) precursor), sildenafil (a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor) or S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine (a NO donor) significantly reversed the reduction in immobility time elicited by acute treatment with hesperidin (0.3mg/kg) in the TST. Hesperidin (0.01mg/kg, a sub-effective dose in acute treatment) produced an additive antidepressant-like effect with N(G)-nitro-l-arginine (an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS)) or 7-nitroindazole (a neuronal NOS inhibitor) in the TST. Pretreatment of animals with methylene blue (an inhibitor of NOS/soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)) or ODQ (a specific inhibitor sGS) caused an additive effect with hesperidin in the TST. Hesperidin in the acute (1mg/kg) and chronic (0.1, 0.3 and 1mg/kg) treatments caused a significant decrease in nitrate/nitrite (NOX) levels in the hippocampus of mice. Chronic treatment with hesperidin (0.3 and 1mg/kg) also resulted in an increase in hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. These results demonstrated that the antidepressant-like effect of hesperidin is likely mediated by inhibition of l-arginine-NO-cGMP pathway and by increased of the BDNF levels in hippocampus.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.