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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Effect of borax on immune cell proliferation and sister chromatid exchange in human chromosomes.

Abstract Source:

J Occup Med Toxicol. 2009;4:27. Epub 2009 Oct 30. PMID: 19878537

Abstract Author(s):

Malinee Pongsavee

Article Affiliation:

Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Rangsit Campus, Patumthani 12121, Thailand. malineep@tu.ac.th.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Borax is used as a food additive. It becomes toxic when accumulated in the body. It causes vomiting, fatigue and renal failure.

METHODS: The heparinized blood samples from 40 healthy men were studied for the impact of borax toxicity on immune cell proliferation (lymphocyte proliferation) and sister chromatid exchange in human chromosomes. The MTT assay and Sister Chromatid Exchange (SCE) technic were used in this experiment with the borax concentrations of 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6 mg/ml.

RESULTS: It showed that the immune cell proliferation (lymphocyte proliferation) was decreased when the concentrations of borax increased. The borax concentration of 0.6 mg/ml had the most effectiveness to the lymphocyte proliferation and had the highest cytotoxicity index (CI). The borax concentrations of 0.15, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6 mg/ml significantly induced sister chromatid exchange in human chromosomes (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: Borax had effects on immune cell proliferation (lymphocyte proliferation) and induced sister chromatid exchange in human chromosomes. Toxicity of borax may lead to cellular toxicity and genetic defect in human.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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