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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from three ecotypes of Zataria multiflora.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacogn Mag. 2011 Jan ;7(25):53-9. PMID: 21472080

Abstract Author(s):

K Zomorodian, M J Saharkhiz, M J Rahimi, A Bandegi, G Shekarkhar, A Bandegani, K Pakshir, A Bazargani

Article Affiliation:

K Zomorodian

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Zataria multiflora Boiss. is a traditional and popular spice in Iran. The effects of 3 ecotypes (ECTPs) of Z. multiflora essential oils (EOs) against most common causes of food-borne and nosocomial infections were evaluated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antimicrobial activities of the EOs were examined by broth microdilution method as recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). The chemical compositions of the EOs from 3 ECTPs of Z. multiflora have been analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: Analysis of the EOs indicated that 3 chemotypes were present in Z. multiflora, including carvacrol, thymol-carvacrol, and linalool, whereas previous studies have only found carvacrol and thymol. Inhibition studies showed that the tested EOs entirely inhibited the growth of yeasts at concentrations of less than 1μL/mL. Moreover, the oils exhibited significant bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria at concentrations ranging from 0.12 to 8 μL/mL.

CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the EOs from Z. multiflora should be investigated further for possible use in antimicrobial products and food preservatives.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antimicrobial : CK(293) : AC(128)
Additional Keywords : Essential Oils : CK(181) : AC(69)

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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