Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Antioxidant effects of polyphenols in chocolate on low-density lipoprotein both in vitro and ex vivo.

Abstract Source:

Mutat Res. 1999 Apr 6;440(2):181-8. PMID: 11185658

Abstract Author(s):

R Hirano, N Osakabe, A Iwamoto, A Matsumoto, M Natsume, T Takizawa, O Igarashi, H Itakura, K Kondo

Article Affiliation:

Internal Medicine I, National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, Japan.

Abstract:

Cacao is rich in polyphenols such as (-)-epicatechin, and a colored component of cacao (cacao-red) is polyphenol, which is an antioxidant. These properties stimulated an investigation of the effects of cacao liquor polyphenols (CLP) on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. The 2.2 '-azobis(4-methoxy-2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) (AMVN-CH2O)-induced oxidizability of LDL was assessed by monitoring the absorbance at 234 nm. In vitro. 0.1-0.5 mg/dL CLP prolonged the oxidation lag time of LDL in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the controls, it was prolonged 1.7-fold in the presence of 0.1 mg/dL CLP, 2.9-fold at 0.2 mg/dL, 3.8-fold at 0.3 mg/dL, 5.4-fold at 0.4 mg/dL, and 6.4-fold at 0.5 mg/dL. Furthermore, we enlisted 13 male volunteers to consume 35 g delipidated cocoa. Venous blood samples were taken before and at 2 h and 4 h after consuming the cocoa. The oxidation lag time of LDL before cocoa ingestion was 59.0 +/- 6.3 min, but it was prolonged at 2 h after cocoa (68.3 +/- 6.0 min); before returning to the initial lag time (61.7 +/- 5.7 min) before consumption. Thus we have shown that cocoa inhibited LDL oxidation both in vitro and ex vivo.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.