Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Curcumin induces the tolerogenic dendritic cell that promotes differentiation of intestine-protective regulatory T cells.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Immunol. 2009 Nov;39(11):3134-46. PMID: 19839007

Abstract Author(s):

Yingzi Cong, Lanfang Wang, Astrid Konrad, Trenton Schoeb, Charles O Elson

Article Affiliation:

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Birmingham, AL 35294-0007, USA. ycong@uab.edu

Abstract:

The gut is home to a large number of Treg, with both CD4(+) CD25(+) Treg and bacterial antigen-specific Tr1 cells present in normal mouse intestinal lamina propria. It has been shown recently that intestinal mucosal DC are able to induce Foxp3(+) Treg through production of TGF-beta plus retinoic acid (RA). However, the factors instructing DC toward this mucosal phenotype are currently unknown. Curcumin has been shown to possess a number of biologic activities including the inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling. We asked whether curcumin could modulate DC to be tolerogenic whose function could mimic mucosal DC. We report here that curcumin modulated BM-derived DC to express ALDH1a and IL-10. These curcumin-treated DC induced differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T cells into Treg resembling Treg in the intestine, including both CD4(+)CD25(+) Foxp3(+) Treg and IL-10-producing Tr1 cells. Such Treg induction required IL-10, TGF-beta and retinoic acid produced by curcumin-modulated DC. Cell contact as well as IL-10 and TGF-beta production were involved in the function of such induced Treg. More importantly, these Treg inhibited antigen-specific T-cell activation in vitro and inhibited colitis due to antigen-specific pathogenic T cells in vivo.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.