Curcumin suppresses increased bone resorption associated with diabetic complications. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Curcumin suppresses increased bone resorption by inhibiting osteoclastogenesis in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes.
Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 Oct 25;621(1-3):1-9. Epub 2009 Aug 21. PMID: 19699734
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Nara Women's University, Nara, Japan.
Curcumin is a potent inhibitor of the transcription factor activator protein-1 which plays an essential role in osteoclastogenesis. However, the effects of curcumin on bone metabolism have not been clarified in vivo. We reported herein the inhibitory effects of curcumin on the stimulated osteoclastic activity in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus using rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. A dietary supplement of curcumin reversed the increase in levels of activity and mRNA of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and cathepsin K to control values. A histochemical analysis showed that the increase in TRAP-positive cells in the distal femur of the diabetic rats was reduced to the control level by the supplement. These results suggested that curcumin reduced diabetes-stimulated bone resorptive activity and the number of osteoclasts. When bone marrow cells were cultured with macrophage colony stimulating factor and receptor activator NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), the increased activity to form TRAP-positive multinucleated cells and the increased levels of mRNA and protein of c-fos and c-jun in the cultured cells from diabetic rats decreased to control levels in the curcumin-supplemented rats. Similarly, the increased expression of c-fos and c-jun in the distal femur of the diabetic rats was significantly reduced by the supplement. These results suggested that curcumin suppressed the increased bone resorptive activity through the prevention of osteoclastogenesis associated with inhibition of the expression of c-fos and c-jun in the diabetic rats.