Abstract Title:

Cytogenetic damage and induction of pro-oxidant state in human lymphocytes exposed in vitro to gliphosate, vinclozolin, atrazine, and DPX-E9636.

Abstract Source:

Environ Mol Mutagen. 1998 ;32(1):39-46. PMID: 9707097

Abstract Author(s):

M B Lioi, M R Scarfi, A Santoro, R Barbieri, O Zeni, F Salvemini, D Di Berardino, M V Ursini

Article Affiliation:

Department of Animal Production Sciences, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.

Abstract:

We analyzed chromosome aberrations (CAs), sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), mitotic index (MI), and glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) enzyme activity in human peripheral lymphocytes from three healthy donors exposed in vitro to different concentrations of gliphosate, vinclozolin, atrazine, and DPX-E9636. The pesticides gliphosate, vinclozolin, and atrazine have been studied in a broad range of genetic tests with predominantly conflicting or negative results, whereas little is known about the genotoxicity of DPX-E9636. In our experimental conditions, each chemical compound tested produced a dose-related increase in the percent of aberrant cells and an increase of SCE/cell. Furthermore, at the highest concentrations of vinclozolin, atrazine, and DPX-E9636, we observed a significant reduction of the mitotic index. The increase of G6PD activity in exposed lymphocyte cultures strongly indicated an induction of a pro-oxidant state of the cells as an initial response to pesticide exposure.

Study Type : Human In Vitro
Additional Links
Problem Substances : Glyphosate : CK(403) : AC(130)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Genotoxic : CK(147) : AC(62)

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