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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Filipendula ulmaria extracts attenuate cisplatin-induced liver and kidney oxidative stress in rats: In vivo investigation and LC-MS analysis.

Abstract Source:

Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Jan ;99:86-102. Epub 2016 Nov 18. PMID: 27871982

Abstract Author(s):

Jelena Katanić, Sanja Matić, Eva-Maria Pferschy-Wenzig, Nadine Kretschmer, Tatjana Boroja, Vladimir Mihailović, Vesna Stanković, Nevena Stanković, Milan Mladenović, Snežana Stanić, Mirjana Mihailović, Rudolf Bauer

Article Affiliation:

Jelena Katanić

Abstract:

Filipendula ulmaria, known as meadowsweet, is a perennial herb found in wild and cultivated habitats in Europe and Asia. Usage of F. ulmaria in traditional medicine is based on diuretic, astringent, antirheumatic, and anti-inflammatory properties of this plant. Exposure to cisplatin at a dose of 7.5 mg/kg caused significant increase in serum parameters of liver and kidneys function and tissue oxidative stress markers along with some histopathological changes in liver and kidney tissues of experimental rats, as well as high level of genotoxicity. Administration of F. ulmaria extracts in three different concentrations (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/day) for 10 days resulted in a reduction of oxidative stress in tissues and decrease of serum parameters. Moreover, tested extracts attenuated the genotoxicity of cisplatin in reverse dose-dependent manner. F. ulmaria extracts had no in vitro cytotoxic activity at all applied concentrations (IC50 > 50 μg/mL). Tested extracts, rich in polyphenolic compounds, attenuate cisplatin-induced liver and kidney oxidative stress, reduce tissue damage, and enhance the antioxidative status of experimental animals during cisplatin application. Therefore, F. ulmaria extracts may be used as supportive agent for the prevention and amelioration of cisplatin side effects.

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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