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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Genipin inhibits NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasome activation via autophagy suppression.

Abstract Source:

Sci Rep. 2015 Dec 11 ;5:17935. Epub 2015 Dec 11. PMID: 26659006

Abstract Author(s):

Shui-Xing Yu, Chong-Tao Du, Wei Chen, Qian-Qian Lei, Ning Li, Shuai Qi, Xiao-Jing Zhang, Gui-Qiu Hu, Xu-Ming Deng, Wen-Yu Han, Yong-Jun Yang

Article Affiliation:

Shui-Xing Yu

Abstract:

Inflammasomes are cytoplasmic, multiprotein complexes that trigger caspase-1 activation and IL-1β maturation in response to diverse stimuli. Although inflammasomes play important roles in host defense against microbial infection, overactive inflammasomes are deleterious and lead to various autoinflammatory diseases. In the current study, we demonstrated that genipin inhibits the induction ofIL-1β production and caspase-1 activation by NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasomes. Furthermore, genipin specifically prevented NLRP3-mediated, but not NLRC4-mediated, ASC oligomerization. Notably, genipin inhibited autophagy, leading to NLRP3 and NLRC4 inflammasome inhibition. UCP2-ROS signaling may be involved in inflammasome suppression by genipin. In vivo, we showed that genipin inhibited NLRP3-dependent IL-1β production and neutrophil flux in LPS- and alum-induced murine peritonitis. Additionally, genipin provided protection against flagellin-induced lung inflammation by reducing IL-1β production and neutrophil recruitment. Collectively, our results revealed a novel role in inhibition of inflammatory diseases for genipin that has been used as therapeutics for centuries in herb medicine.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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