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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Studies on the in vitro phototoxicity of the antidiabetes drug glipizide.

Abstract Source:

In Vitr Mol Toxicol. 2000;13(1):17-24. PMID: 10900404

Abstract Author(s):

F Vargas, H Méndez, E Tropper, M Velázquez, G Fraile

Article Affiliation:

Laboratorio de Fotoquímica, Centro de Quíimica, Instituto Venezolano de Insvestigaciones Científicas, I.V.I.C., Apartado 21827, Caracas Venezuela. fvargas@ivic.ivic.ve

Abstract:

The phototoxic antidiabetes drug glipizide (1) is photolabile under aerobic conditions and UV-B light. Irradiation of a phosphate-buffered solution of 1 under oxygen atmosphere produces 4 photoproducts as well as singlet oxygen, which was detected by trapping it with 2,5-dimethylfuran and by the histidine test. The photochemistry of 1 involves cleavage of the sulfonamine and the sulfonamine-R bonds. Red blood cell lysis, photosensitized by glipizide and the products of its aerobic photolysis were demonstrated. The photohemolysis rate was lower for 1 than for its photoproducts. Inhibition of this process on addition of 1, 4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO), reduced glutathione (GSH), Vitamin C, sodium azide, superoxide dismutase, and a-tocopherol confirmed the possibility of singlet oxygen, superoxide ion and free radicals participation. Furthermore, in a lipid-photoperoxidation test with linoleic acid the in vitro phototoxicity of glipizide was also verified. A low decreasing cell viability of lymphocytes and neutrophils was observed.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Problem Substances : Glipizide : CK(64) : AC(6)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Phototoxicity : CK(1) : AC(1)

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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