Abstract Title:

Carotenoids with anti-Helicobacter pylori activity from Golden delicious apple.

Abstract Source:

Phytother Res. 2010 May;24(5):644-8. PMID: 19591126

Abstract Author(s):

Péter Molnár, József Deli, Toru Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Kann, Satoru Tani, Nóra Gyémánt, Joseph Molnár, Masami Kawase

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Pécs Medical School, Pécs, Hungary.

Abstract:

Previously it was reported that hypophasic carotenoids of Golden delicious apple peel showed potent anti-H. pylori activity (MIC(50) = 36 microg/mL), comparable to metronidazole (MIC(50) = 45 microg/mL). To further investigate the involved active carotenoids of the apple peel extracts, seven carotenoids were isolated for the current study: (all-E)-luteoxanthin, (all-E)-neoxanthin, (9'Z)-neoxanthin, (all-E)-antheraxanthin, (all-E)-violaxanthin, (9Z)-violaxanthin and (all-E)-lutein. The MIC(50) values of (all-E)-luteoxanthin, (all-E)-neoxanthin and (9'Z)-neoxanthin were 7.9, 11 and 27 microg/mL, respectively. Other carotenoids and beta,beta-carotene did not exhibit potent anti-H. pylori activity (MIC(50)>100 microg/mL). An examination of structure and function suggested that active carotenoids contained a monofuranoid ring or an allenic bond in addition to an epoxy group and an additional two or three hydroxyl substituents on the side group.

Print Options


Disqus

Login to Comment

Commenting is limited to Members only. If you are already a member, please login to post a comment. If you do not have a member account and would like to become a member, please click here to begin the process to become a member.