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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Harpagophytum Procumbens Ethyl Acetate Fraction Reduces Fluphenazine-Induced Vacuous Chewing Movements and Oxidative Stress in Rat Brain.

Abstract Source:

Neurochem Res. 2016 May ;41(5):1170-84. Epub 2016 Jan 6. PMID: 26732278

Abstract Author(s):

Larissa Finger Schaffer, Catiuscia Molz de Freitas, Ana Paula Chiapinotto Ceretta, Luis Ricardo Peroza, Elizete de Moraes Reis, Bárbara Nunes Krum, Alcindo Busanello, Aline Augusti Boligon, Jéssie Haigert Sudati, Roselei Fachinetto, Caroline Wagner

Article Affiliation:

Larissa Finger Schaffer

Abstract:

Long-term treatment with fluphenazine is associated with manifestation of extrapyramidal side effects, such as tardive dyskinesia. The molecular mechanisms related to the pathophysiology of TD remain unclear, and several hypotheses, including a role for oxidative stress, have been proposed. Harpagophytum procumbens is an herbal medicine used mainly due to anti-inflammatory effects, but it also exhibits antioxidant effects. We investigated the effect of ethyl acetate fraction of H. procumbens (EAF HP) in fluphenazine-induced orofacial dyskinesia by evaluating behavioral parameters at different times (vacuous chewing movements (VCM's) and locomotor and exploratory activity), biochemical serological analyses, and biochemical markers of oxidative stress of the liver, kidney, cortex, and striatum. Chronic administration of fluphenazine (25 mg/kg, intramuscular (i.m) significantly increased the VCMs at all analyzed times (2, 7, 14, and 21 days), and this was inhibited by EAF HP (especially at a dose of 30 mg/kg). Fluphenazine decreased locomotion and exploratory activity, and EAF HP did not improve this decrease. Fluphenazine induced oxidative damage, as identified by changes in catalase activity and ROS levels in the cortex and striatum, which was reduced by EAF HP, especially in the striatum. In the cortex, EAF HP was protective against fluphenazine-induced changes in catalase activity but not against the increase in ROS level. Furthermore, EAF HP was shown to be safe, since affected serum biochemical parameters or parameters of oxidative stress in the liver and kidney. These findings suggest that the H. procumbens is a promising therapeutic agent for the treatment of involuntary oral movements.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antioxidants : CK(8430) : AC(3132)

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Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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