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Abstract Title:

Effectiveness of an herbal preparation containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C in preventing respiratory tract infections in children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.

Abstract Source:

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Mar;158(3):217-21. PMID: 14993078

Abstract Author(s):

Herman A Cohen, Itzchak Varsano, Ernesto Kahan, E Michael Sarrell, Yosef Uziel

Article Affiliation:

Pediatric and Adolescent Ambulatory Community Clinic, Petach Tikva, Israel. hermanc@post.tau.ac.il

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a preparation containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C in the prevention of respiratory tract infections in children during a 12-week winter period.

DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

SUBJECTS: Four hundred thirty children, aged 1 to 5 years, were randomized to an herbal extract preparation (n = 215) or a placebo elixir (n = 215).

INTERVENTION: Administration of an herbal preparation (Chizukit) containing 50 mg/mL of echinacea, 50 mg/mL of propolis, and 10 mg/mL of vitamin C, or placebo (5.0 mL and 7.5 mL twice daily for ages 1 to 3 years and 4 to 5 years, respectively) for 12 weeks.

RESULTS: Significant mean +/- SD reductions of illnesses were seen in the Chizukit group in the number of illness episodes, 138 vs 308 (55% reduction); number of episodes per child, 0.9 +/- 1.1 vs 1.8 +/- 1.3 (50% reduction, P<.001); and number of days with fever per child, 2.1 +/- 2.9 vs 5.4 +/- 4.4) (62% reduction, P<.001). The total number of illness days and duration of individual episodes were also significantly lower in the Chizukit group. Adverse drug reactions were rare, mild, and transient.

CONCLUSION: A preventive effect of a product containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C on the incidence of respiratory tract infections was observed.

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Sayer Ji
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