Abstract Title:

Efficacy of high dose phylloquinone in correcting vitamin K deficiency in cystic fibrosis.

Abstract Source:

J Cyst Fibros. 2008 Sep;7(5):457-9. Epub 2008 May 29. PMID: 18511355

Abstract Author(s):

Donna Drury, Vijay Laxmi Grey, Guylaine Ferland, Caren Gundberg, Larry C Lands

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Subclinical deficiencies of vitamin K are universally present in unsupplemented cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The dose required to prevent deficiencies cannot be estimated from the existing literature. The aim of this study is determine if a supplemental dose of 1 mg/day or 5 mg/day vitamin K1 per day would normalize vitamin K status in a population of children with cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Fourteen pancreatic insufficient CF children, between the ages of 8 to 18 years old, were randomized to receive either 1 mg/day or 5 mg/day vitamin K1 per day, for one month. Fasting blood tests were done at baseline and after one month of the intervention. The degree of undercarboxylation of osteocalcin (%Glu-OC), and serum vitamin K1, were evaluated by descriptive statistics and nonparametric Wilcoxon matched-pair test and Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Of the 50% of subjects who were below the optimal serum vitamin K1 at baseline, all rose into the normal range with supplementation. Supplementation also significantly reduced the overall %Glu-OC from a median of 46.8 to 29.1% (p<0.0003). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that both 1 mg and 5 mg of vitamin K1, given over a one-month period in pancreatic insufficient pediatric cystic fibrosis patients improve vitamin K status.

Study Type : Human Study

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