Home Log In
Abstract Title:

Sugar-sweetened beverages, serum uric acid, and blood pressure in adolescents.

Abstract Source:

J Pediatr. 2009 Jun;154(6):807-13. Epub 2009 Apr 17. PMID: 19375714

Abstract Author(s):

Stephanie Nguyen, Hyon K Choi, Robert H Lustig, Chi-yuan Hsu

Article Affiliation:

Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. nguyens@peds.ucsf.edu


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, a significant source of dietary fructose, is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and blood pressure in adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 4867 adolescents aged 12 to 18 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004. Dietary data were assessed from 24-hour dietary recall interviews. Sugar-sweetened beverages included fruit drinks, sports drinks, soda, and sweetened coffee or tea. We used multivariate linear regression to evaluate the association of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption with serum uric acid and with blood pressure. RESULTS: Adolescents who drank more sugar-sweetened beverages tended to be older and male. In the adjusted model, serum uric acid increased by 0.18 mg/dL and systolic blood pressure z-score increased by 0.17 from the lowest to the highest category of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption (P for trend, .01 and .03, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: These results from a nationally representative sample of US adolescents indicate that higher sugar-sweetened beverage consumption is associated with higher serum uric acid levels and systolic blood pressure, which may lead to downstream adverse health outcomes.

Print Options


Login to Comment

Commenting is limited to Members only. If you are already a member, please login to post a comment. If you do not have a member account and would like to become a member, please click here to begin the process to become a member.