A homeopathic ointment preparation compared with 1% diclofenac gel for acute symptomatic treatment of tendinopathy.
Explore (NY). 2005 Nov;1(6):446-52. PMID: 16781589
Klinik für Ganzheitsmedizin, Herrsching, Germany.
CONTEXT: The incidence of tendon injuries and tendinopathy has risen substantially in the past decades. OBJECTIVE: To assess the noninferiority of therapy based on the homeopathic preparation Traumeel S ointment (Heel GmbH, Baden-Baden, Germany) compared with treatment based on diclofenac 1% gel in patients with tendinopathies of varying etiology. DESIGN: Nonrandomized, observational study. SETTING: Ninety-five homeopathy and conventional medical practices in Germany. PATIENTS: Three hundred fifty-seven patients aged 18 to 93 years with tendinopathy of varying etiology based on excessive tendon load rather than inflammation. INTERVENTIONS: Traumeel S ointment or diclofenac 1% gel for a maximum of 28 days. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Efficacy was measured on a four-degree scale on pain-related variables, on variables related to motility, and on overall treatment outcome. Tolerability was monitored as adverse events. Compliance was assessed by practitioner and patient on a four-degree scale. RESULTS: The patients groups were comparable at baseline. The changes in summary score of all pain-related variables were -5.3 +/- 2.7 (all values means +/- SD) in the Traumeel group and -5.0 +/- 2.7 in the control group. Changes for all motility-related variables were -4.2 +/- 3.8 with Traumeel and -3.7 +/- 3.4 with control therapy. The summary scores for all clinical variables were reduced by -9.5 +/- 5.7 with Traumeel therapy and by -8.7 +/- 5.4 with diclofenac-based treatment. Homeopathic therapy was noninferior to diclofenac therapy on all variables. For motility-related variables, there was a trend toward superiority of Traumeel. Treatments were well tolerated with no treatment-related adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that Traumeel ointment is an effective alternative to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs therapy for the acute symptomatic treatment of patients with tendinopathy.