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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Honokiol induces proteasomal degradation of AML1-ETO oncoprotein via increasing ubiquitin conjugase UbcH8 expression in leukemia.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Pharmacol. 2017 Mar 15 ;128:12-25. Epub 2016 Dec 30. PMID: 28043811

Abstract Author(s):

Bin Zhou, Haiying Li, Chongyun Xing, Haige Ye, Jianhua Feng, Jianbo Wu, Zhongqiu Lu, Jing Fang, Shenmeng Gao

Article Affiliation:

Bin Zhou

Abstract:

AML1-ETO is the most common oncoprotein leading to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), in which 5-year survival rate is only about 30%. However, currently there are no specific therapies for AML patients with AML1-ETO. Here, we report that AML1-ETO protein is rapidly degraded by Honokiol (HNK), a natural phenolic compound isolated from the plant Magnolia officinalis. HNK induced the degradation of AML1-ETO in a concentration- and time-dependent manner in leukemic cell lines and primary AML blasts with t(8;21) translocation. Mechanistically, HNK obviously increased the expression of UbcH8, an E2-conjugase for the degradation of AML1-ETO, through triggering accumulation of acetylated histones in the promoter region of UbcH8. Knockdown of UbcH8 by small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) prevented HNK-induced degradation of AML-ETO, suggesting that UbcH8 plays a critical role in the degradation of AML1-ETO. HNK inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptotic death without activation of caspase-3, which was reported to cleave and degrade AML1-ETO protein. Thus, HNK-induced degradation of AML1-ETO is independent of activation of caspase-3. Finally, HNK reduced the angiogenesis and migration in Kasumi-1-injected zebrafish, decreased xenograft tumor size in a xenograft leukemia mouse model, and prolonged the survival time in mouse C1498 AML model. Collectively, HNK might be a potential treatment for t(8;21) leukemia by targeting AML1-ETO oncoprotein.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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