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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Honokiol protects against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury via the suppression of oxidative stress, iNOS, inflammation and STAT3 in rats.

Abstract Source:

Mol Med Rep. 2016 Feb ;13(2):1353-60. Epub 2015 Dec 9. PMID: 26647858

Abstract Author(s):

Yongwu Yu, Mingxv Li, Ning Su, Zhiyong Zhang, Haidan Zhao, Hai Yu, Yingluan Xu

Article Affiliation:

Yongwu Yu

Abstract:

Honokiol is the predominant active ingredient in the commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, Magnolia, which has been confirmed in previous studies to exhibit anti‑oxidation, antimicrobial, antitumor and other pharmacological effects. However, its effects on renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to examine the effects of honokiol on renal IRI, and to investigate its potential protective mechanisms in the heart. Male adult Wistar albino rats were induced into a renal IRI model. Subsequently, the levels of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and the levels of serum nitrite and the kidney nitrite were examined in the IRI group. The levels of oxidative stress, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), inflammatory factors and caspase‑3 were evaluated using a series of commercially available kits. The levels of phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p‑STAT3) and theprotein expression levels of STAT3 were determined using western blotting. Pretreatment with honokiol significantly reduced the levels of serum creatinine, BUN, ALT, AST and ALP, and the level of nitrite in the kidney of the IRI group, compared with the control group. The levels of malondialdehyde,the activity of myeloperoxidase, and the gene expression and activity of iNOS were reduced in the IRI rats, compared with the sham‑operated rats, whereas the levels of superoxide dismutase and catalase were increased following treatment with honokiol in the IRI rats. In addition, the expression levels of tumor necrosis factor‑α and interleukin‑6 in the IRI rats were increased by honokiol. Treatment with honokiol suppressed the protein expression levels of p‑STAT3 and caspase‑3 in the IRI rats. These findings indicated that honokiol protects against renal IRI via the suppression ofoxidative stress, iNOS, inflammation and STAT3 in the rat.

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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