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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Regular Yogurt Intake and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Among Hypertensive Adults.

Abstract Source:

Am J Hypertens. 2018 Apr 13 ;31(5):557-565. PMID: 29462263

Abstract Author(s):

Justin R Buendia, Yanping Li, Frank B Hu, Howard J Cabral, M Loring Bradlee, Paula A Quatromoni, Martha R Singer, Gary C Curhan, Lynn L Moore

Article Affiliation:

Justin R Buendia

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (HBP) is a major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. Clinical trials including Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) have demonstrated beneficial effects of dairy consumption on risks of HBP and CVD. Yogurt, a fermented dairy product, may independently be related to CVD risk.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between yogurt consumption and CVD risk among hypertensive individuals in 2 large cohorts and to determine whether the association differs among those whose eating pattern more closely resembles the DASH diet.

METHODS: Overall, 55,898 female Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and 18,232 male Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS) participants with prevalent HBP were included. Cumulative average estimates of yogurt intake from validated food frequency questionnaires were related to verified self-reported CVD outcomes using Cox proportional hazards models. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were adjusted for CVD risk factors, medications, and diet covariates.

RESULTS: Yogurt intake was inversely associated with CVD risk (myocardial infarction and stroke) among hypertensive participants (P<0.01 in both cohorts). Among participants consuming≥2 servings/week of yogurt, NHS women had a 17% (95% CI: 0.74-0.92) lower risk while HPFS men experienced a 21% (95% CI: 0.66-0.96) lower CVD risk compared to those who consumed<1 serving/month. Regular yogurt consumers with higher DASH diet scores had 16% (95% CI: 0.73-0.96) and 30% (95% CI: 0.57-0.85) CVD risk reductions in the 2 cohorts, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Hypertensive men and women who consumed≥2 servings/week of yogurt, especially in the context of a healthy diet, were at lower risk for developing CVD.

Study Type : Human Study

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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