Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Kaempferol induced apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress and mitochondria-dependent pathway in human osteosarcoma U-2 OS cells.

Abstract Source:

Mol Nutr Food Res. 2010 Nov;54(11):1585-95. PMID: 20564475

Abstract Author(s):

Wen-Wen Huang, Yu-Jen Chiu, Ming-Jen Fan, Hsu-Feng Lu, Hsiu-Feng Yeh, Kun-Hong Li, Po-Yuan Chen, Jing-Gung Chung, Jai-Sing Yang

Article Affiliation:

Department of Biological Science and Technology, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract:

Kaempferol is a natural flavonoid. Previous studies have reported that kaempferol has anti-proliferation activities and induces apoptosis in many cancer cell lines. However, there are no reports on human osteosarcoma. In this study, we investigate the anti-cancer effects and molecular mechanisms of kaempferol in human osteosarcoma cells. Our results demonstrate that kaempferol significantly reduces cell viabilities of U-2 OS, HOB and 143B cells, especially U-2 OS cells in a dose-dependent manner, but exerts low cytotoxicity on human fetal osteoblast progenitor hFOB cells. Comet assay, DAPI staining and DNA gel electrophoresis confirm the effects of DNA damage and apoptosis in U-2 OS cells. Flow cytometry detects the increase of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels and the decrease of mitochondria membrane potential. Western blotting and fluorogenic enzymatic assay show that kaempferol treatment influences the time-dependent expression of proteins involved in the endoplasmic reticulum stress pathway and mitochondrial signaling pathway. In addition, pretreating cells with caspase inhibitors, BAPTA or calpeptin before exposure to kaempferol increases cell viabilities. The anti-cancer effects of kaempferol in vivo are evaluated in BALB/c(nu/nu) mice inoculated with U-2 OS cells, and the results indicate inhibition of tumor growth. In conclusion, kaempferol inhibits human osteosarcoma cells in vivo and in vitro.

Study Type : Animal Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Apoptotic : CK(2958) : AC(2075)

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.