Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

n/a
Abstract Title:

Magnolol inhibits Streptococcus suis-induced inflammation and ROS formation via TLR2/MAPK/NF-κB signaling in RAW264.7 cells.

Abstract Source:

Pol J Vet Sci. 2018 Mar ;21(1):111-118. PMID: 29624001

Abstract Author(s):

L Zhang, J Wang, W Xu, Y Sun, J You, H Lu, Y Song, J Wei, L Li

Article Affiliation:

L Zhang

Abstract:

Our previous studies have shown that Magnolol (Mag) improves the symptoms and decreases the levels of cytokines during infection induced by Streptococcus suis (S. suis) in mice. Although some reports show that Mag inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses via downregulating mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathways, the molecular mechanisms underlying Mag-mediated inhibition of S. suis-induced inflammatory responses are poorly understood. Here, RAW264.7 cells were stimulated with S. suis in the presence or absence of Mag. Cell viability and bactericidal effects were examined, and the concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α), IL-1β (interleukin-1β), IL-6 (interleukin-6), and IL-8 (interleukin- 8) were determined by ELISA. The change in ROS (reactive oxygen species) was determined by fluorescence microscopy and ELISA. The levels of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) andMAPK family proteins and NF-κB signaling were determined by Western blot analysis. S. suis induced massive RAW264.7 cell death, a decline in bactericidal activity, the release of inflammatory cytokines, increased oxidative stress, and activation of TLR2/MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathways. Mag treatment significantly suppressed macrophage cell death and caused a decline in bactericidal activity. Furthermore, Mag decreased inflammatory cytokines production and ROS generation. It also prevented p38, extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB), and NF-κB phosphorylation induced by S. suis in a dose-dependent manner. Our results indicate that Mag exerts anti-inflammatory and cell-protective effects and mediates the activation of MAPK and NF-κB signaling by downregulating the expression of TLR2 upregulated by S. suis.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.