Mesoporous silica as a membrane for ultra-thin implantable direct glucose fuel cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Mesoporous silica as a membrane for ultra-thin implantable direct glucose fuel cells.
Lab Chip. 2011 Jul 21 ;11(14):2460-5. Epub 2011 Jun 3. PMID: 21637881
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.
The design, fabrication and characterization of an inorganic catalyst based direct glucose fuel cell using mesoporous silica coating as a functional membrane is reported. The desired use of mesoporous silica based direct glucose fuel cell is for a blood vessel implantable device. Blood vessel implantable direct glucose fuel cells have access to higher continuous glucose concentrations. However, reduction in the implant thickness is required for application in the venous system as part of a stent. We report development of an implantable device with a platinum thin-film (thickness: 25 nm) deposited on silicon substrate (500μm) to serve as the anode, and graphene pressed on a stainless steel mesh (175 μm) to serve as the cathode. Control experiments involved the use of a surfactant-coated polypropylene membrane (50 μm) with activated carbon (198 μm) electrodes. We demonstrate that a mesoporous silica thin film (270nm) is capable of replacing the conventional polymer based membranes with an improvement in the power generated over conventional direct glucose fuel cells.