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Abstract Title:

Moringa oleifera supplemented diet modulates nootropic-related biomolecules in the brain of STZ-induced diabetic rats treated with acarbose.

Abstract Source:

Metab Brain Dis. 2018 Apr ;33(2):457-466. Epub 2018 Feb 12. PMID: 29435808

Abstract Author(s):

Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Omoyemi A Akintemi, Tosin A Olasehinde

Article Affiliation:

Ganiyu Oboh

Abstract:

There are strong correlations between diabetes mellitus and cognitive dysfunction. This study sought to investigate the modulatory effects of Moringa oleifera leaf (ML) and seed (MS) inclusive diets on biomolecules [acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE)] angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE), arginase, catalase, glutathione transferase (GST) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities, glutathione (GSH) and nitric oxide (NO) levels] associated with cognitive function in the brain of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats treated with acarbose (ACA). The rats were made diabetic by intraperitoneal administration of 0.1 M sodium-citrate buffer (pH 4.5) containing STZ [60 mg/kg b.w (BW)] and fed with diets containing 2 and 4% ML/MS. Acarbose (25 mg/kg BW) was administered by gavage daily for 14 days. The animals were distributed in eleven groups of eight animals as follows: control, STZ-induced, STZ + ACA,STZ + 2% ML, STZ + ACA + 2% ML, STZ + 4% ML, STZ + ACA + 4% ML, STZ + 2% MS, STZ + ACA + 2% MS, STZ + 4% MS, STZ + ACA + 4% MS. There were marked increase in AChE, BChE, arginase, ACE and concomitant decrease in catalase, GST, GSH-Px, activities and NO levels in STZ-diabetic group compared with the control. However, there was a decrease in AChE, BChE and ACE activities and concomitant increase in the antioxidant molecules in the groups fed with supplemented diets treated with/without ACA compared with the STZ-diabetic group. These findings suggest that ML/MS supplemented diet could prevent cognitive dysfunction-induced by chronic hyperglycemia.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Sayer Ji
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