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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Neferine reduces cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity by enhancing autophagy via the AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway.

Abstract Source:

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Mar 11 ;484(3):694-701. Epub 2017 Feb 1. PMID: 28161641

Abstract Author(s):

Hui Li, Yuling Tang, Long Wen, Xianglong Kong, Xuelian Chen, Ping Liu, Zhiguo Zhou, Wenhang Chen, Chenggen Xiao, Ping Xiao, Xiangcheng Xiao

Article Affiliation:

Hui Li

Abstract:

Cisplatin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents; however, its clinical use is limited by serious side effects of which nephrotoxicity is the most important. Nephrotoxicity induced by cisplatin is closely associated with autophagy reduction and caspase activation. In this study, we investigated whether neferine, an autophagy inducer, had a protective effect against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. In an in vitro cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity model, we determined that neferine was able to induce autophagy and that pretreatment with neferine not only attenuated cisplatin-induced cell apoptosis but further activated cell autophagy. This pro-survival effect was abolished by the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine. Furthermore, neferine pretreatment activated the AMPK/mTOR pathway; however, pharmacological inhibition of AMPK abolished neferine-mediated autophagy and nephroprotection against cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Collectively, our findings suggest for the first time the possible protective mechanism of neferine, which is crucial for its further development as a potential therapeutic agent for cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity.

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Sayer Ji
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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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