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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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Abstract Title:

Reishi mushroom Ganoderma lucidum Modulates IgA production and alpha-defensin expression in the rat small intestine.

Abstract Source:

J Ethnopharmacol. 2018 Mar 25 ;214:240-243. Epub 2017 Dec 14. PMID: 29248453

Abstract Author(s):

Atsuhito Kubota, Masaki Kobayashi, Sota Sarashina, Reiko Takeno, Keisuke Okamoto, Katsuya Narumi, Ayako Furugen, Yuji Suzuki, Natsuko Takahashi, Ken Iseki

Article Affiliation:

Atsuhito Kubota

Abstract:

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) secretion and alpha-defensins play a role in the innate immune system to protect against infection. Ganoderma lucidum (W.Curt.: Fr.) P. Karst. (Reishi) is a well-known mushroom in traditional Chinese medicine. This study aimed to determine the effects of Reishi on IgA secretion from Peyer's patch (PP) cells and alpha-defensin-5 (RD-5) and RD-6 expression in the rat small intestine.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rats received an oral injection of 0.5-5mg/kg of Reishi powder (1mL/kg) by sonde. All animals were euthanized 24h after Reishi administration. We examined RD-5, RD-6, and Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 mRNA levels in the jejunum, ileum, and in Peyer's patches (PP) through quantitative real-time PCR analysis. IgA secretion from PP was measured through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay of the supernatant after primary culture.

RESULTS: Reishi increased IgA secretion in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and increased TLR4 mRNA levels, but had no effect on the viability of PP cells. Moreover, Reishi increased RD-5, RD-6, and TLR4 mRNA levels significantly in the ileum in a concentration-dependent manner.

CONCLUSIONS: Reishi can induce IgA secretion and increase the mRNA levels of RD-5 and RD-6 in the rat small intestine, through a TLR4-dependent pathway. The present results indicate that Reishi might reduce the risk of intestinal infection.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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