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Abstract Title:

Effect of cysteine proteinase inhibitors on murine B16 melanoma cell invasion in vitro.

Abstract Source:

Biol Chem. 2002 May;383(5):839-42. PMID: 12108549

Abstract Author(s):

Natasa Sever, Metka Filipic, Joze Brzin, Tamara T Lah

Article Affiliation:

Department of Genetic Toxicology and Cancer Biology, National Institute of Biology, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Abstract:

Various types of proteinases are implicated in the malignant progression of human and animal tumors. Proteinase inhibitors may therefore be useful as therapeutic agents in anti-invasive and anti-metastatic treatment. The aims of this study were (1) to estimate the relative importance of proteinases in B16 cell invasion in vitro using synthetic, class-specific proteinase inhibitors and (2) to assess the inhibitory effect of some naturally occurring cysteine proteinase inhibitors. Serine proteinase inhibitor reduced invasiveness by up to 24%, whereas inhibition of aspartic proteinases reduced invasion by 11%. Synthetic inhibitors of cysteine proteinases markedly impaired invasion: cathepsin B inhibitors, particularly Ca-074Me, inhibited invasion from 20-40%, whereas cathepsin L inhibitor Clik 148 reduced invasion by 11%. The potato cysteine proteinase inhibitor PCPI 8.7 inhibited invasion by 21%, whereas another potato inhibitor, PCPI 6.6, and the mushroom cysteine proteinase inhibitor clitocypin had no effects. As the inhibitors that inhibited cathepsin B were in general more efficient at impairing the invasiveness, we conclude that of the two cysteine proteinases, cathepsin B plays a more important role than cathepsin L in murine melanoma cell invasion.

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Sayer Ji
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