Rosemary oil exhibits antinociceptive (pain-killing) activity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts.
Planta Med. 2009 Apr;75(5):508-11. Epub 2009 Jan 30. PMID: 19184968
The rationale of this investigation was to examine the antinociceptive properties of the essential oil obtained from Rosmarinus officinalis aerial parts, using a rat model of arthritic pain. The essential oil (100, 300 and 600 mg/kg, I. P.) produced a dose-dependent antinociceptive effect, manifested as a significant reduction in the dysfunction in the pain-induced functional impairment model in the rat (PIFIR model), mainly at high doses. Chemical constituents of the essential oil were further analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The major compounds in the essential oil were alpha-pinene (14.10 %), camphene (11.47 %), beta-pinene (12.02 %), myrcene (3.31 %), alpha-phellandrene (7.87 %), eucalyptol (8.58 %), 2-bornanone (3.42 %), camphor (8.75 %), isoborneol (3.48 %), borneol (4.85 %) and borneol acetate (6.49 %). The antinociceptive effects of R. officinalis essential oil were tested in combination with 0.12 mg/kg WAY100635, s. c. (an antagonist of 5-HT(1A) receptors) or 1 mg/kg naloxone, i. p. (an antagonist of endogenous opioids receptors), demonstrating in both cases an inhibition of the antinociceptive response. This study suggests an involvement, at least in part, of the serotonergic system via 5-HT(1A) receptors and endogenous opioids in the antinociceptive effect of R. officinalis essential oil in the PIFIR model.