Antithrombotic effect of rutaecarpine, an alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa, on platelet plug formation in in vivo experiments.
Br J Haematol. 2000 Jul;110(1):110-5. PMID: 10930986
In this study, platelet thrombi formation was induced by irradiation of mesenteric venules with filtered light in mice pretreated intravenously with fluorescein sodium. Rutaecarpine (200 microg/g) significantly prolonged the latent period of inducing platelet plug formation in mesenteric venules when it was intravenously injected. Rutaecarpine (200 microg/g) prolonged occlusion time by approximately 1.5-fold (control 127 +/- 29 vs. taecarpine 188 +/- 23 s). Furthermore, aspirin (250 microg/g) also showed a similar prolongation of the occlusion time in this experiment. On a molar basis, rutaecarpine was approximately twofold more potent than aspirin at prolonging the occlusion time. Furthermore, rutaecarpine was also effective in reducing the mortality of ADP-induced acute pulmonary thromboembolism in mice when administered intravenously at doses of 25 and 50 microg/g. Intravenous injection of rutaecarpine (50 microg/g) significantly prolonged the bleeding time by approximately 1.5-fold compared with normal saline in the severed mesenteric arteries of rats. Continuous infusion of rutaecarpine (5 microg/g/min) also significantly increased the bleeding time 1. 5-fold, and the bleeding time returned to baseline within 60 min after cessation of rutaecarpine infusion. These results suggest that rutaecarpine has an effective anti-platelet effect in vivo and that it may be a potential therapeutic agent for arterial thrombosis, but it must be assessed further for toxicity.