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Abstract Title:

Protective effect of sesamin in lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse model of acute kidney injury via attenuation of oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis.

Abstract Source:

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2018 Oct ;40(5):423-429. Epub 2018 Nov 29. PMID: 30488751

Abstract Author(s):

Ali-Mohammad Rousta, Seyed-Mohamad-Sadegh Mirahmadi, Alireza Shahmohammadi, Davood Nourabadi, Mohammad-Reza Khajevand-Khazaei, Tourandokht Baluchnejadmojarad, Mehrdad Roghani

Article Affiliation:

Ali-Mohammad Rousta

Abstract:

CONTEXT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is considered a major public health concern in today's world. Sepsis-induced AKI is large as a result of exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) that is the major outer membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria. Sesamin is the main lignan of sesame seeds with multiple protective effects.

OBJECTIVE: In this research, we tried to demonstrate the protective effect of sesamin pretreatment in LPS-induced mouse model of AKI.

METHODS: LPS was injected at a single dose of 10 mg/kg (i.p.) and sesamin was given p.o. at doses of 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg, one hour prior to LPS.

RESULTS: Treatment of LPS-challenged mice with sesamin reduced serum level of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and returned back renal oxidative stress-related parameters including glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and activity of catalase and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Moreover, sesamin alleviated inappropriate changes of renal nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB), toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin-6, DNA fragmentation (an apoptotic index), and nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2). In addition, sesamin diminished magnitude of kidney tissue damage due to LPS.

CONCLUSION: In summary, sesamin could dose-dependently abrogate LPS-induced AKI via attenuation of renal oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis.

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