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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Mint oil (Mentha spicata Linn.) offers behavioral radioprotection: a radiation-induced conditioned taste aversion study.

Abstract Source:

Phytother Res. 2009 Feb;23(2):293-6. PMID: 18853399

Abstract Author(s):

A Haksar, A Sharma, R Chawla, Raj Kumar, S S Lahiri, F Islam, M P Arora, R K Sharma, R P Tripathi, Rajesh Arora

Article Affiliation:

Division of Radiation Biology and Radioprotection, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Brig. S. K. Mazumdar Road, Delhi 110 054, India.

Abstract:

Mentha spicata Linn. (mint), a herb well known for its gastroprotective properties in the traditional system of medicine has been shown to protect against radiation-induced lethality, and recently its constituents have been found to possess calcium channel antagonizing properties. The present study examined the behavioral radioprotective efficacy of mint oil (obtained from Mentha spicata), particularly in mitigating radiation-induced conditioned taste aversion (CTA), which has been proposed as a behavioral endpoint that is mediated by the toxic effects of gamma radiation on peripheral systems, primarily the gastrointestinal system in the Sprague-Dawley rat model. Intraperitoneal administration of Mentha spicata oil 10% (v/v), 1 h before 2 Gy gamma radiation, was found to render significant radioprotection against CTA (p<0.05), by blocking the saccharin avoidance response within 5 post-treatment observational days, with the highest saccharin intake being observed on day 5. This finding clearly demonstrates that gastroprotective and calcium channel antagonizing properties of Mentha spicata can be effectively utilized in preventing radiation-induced behavioral changes.

Study Type : Animal Study

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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