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Abstract Title:

Comparative evaluation of salivary bisphenol A levels in patients wearing vacuum-formed and Hawley retainers: An in-vivo study.

Abstract Source:

Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2017 Mar ;151(3):471-476. PMID: 28257731

Abstract Author(s):

Akila Srinivasan Raghavan, Haritha Pottipalli Sathyanarayana, Vignesh Kailasam, Sridevi Padmanabhan

Article Affiliation:

Akila Srinivasan Raghavan

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to evaluate and compare the bisphenol A (BPA) levels in saliva in patients using vacuum-formed retainers or Hawley retainers.

METHODS: Forty-five patients who had completed their fixed orthodontic treatment and were entering the retention phase were randomly allocated into 1 of 3 groups: vacuum-formed retainer, Hawley retainer fabricated by heat cure, and Hawley retainer fabricated by chemical cure. Saliva samples were collected immediately before placement, within 1 hour after placement, 1 week and 1 month after placement. Statistical analyses were performed by using 2-way analysis of variance and post-hoc multiple-comparisons Tukey HSD tests.

RESULTS: Statistically significant BPA levels in saliva were found for all groups (P ≤0.05). The highest levels were noted in the vacuum-formed retainer group, followed by Hawley retainers fabricated by chemical cure; the lowest levels were found with Hawley retainers fabricated by heat cure.

CONCLUSIONS: With many options available for removable retainers, clinicians should consider the BPA release from these retainers; a Hawley retainer fabricated by heat cure is a favorable choice.

Study Type : Human Study

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