Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 250,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Easy Turmeric recipes + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Impaired arachidonic (20:4n-6) and docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3) acid synthesis by phenylalanine metabolites as etiological factors in the neuropathology of phenylketonuria.

Abstract Source:

Mol Genet Metab. 2001 Mar;72(3):185-98. PMID: 11243724

Abstract Author(s):

J P Infante, V A Huszagh

Abstract:

The recent literature on polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in phenylketonuria (PKU) is critically analyzed. The data suggest that developmental impairment of the accretion of brain arachidonic (20:4n-6) and docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3, DHA) acids is a major etiological factor in the microcephaly and mental retardation of uncontrolled PKU and maternal PKU. These fatty acids appear to be synthesized by the recently elucidated carnitine-dependent, channeled, mitochondrial fatty acid desaturases for which alpha-tocopherolquinone (alpha-TQ) is an essential enzyme cofactor. alpha-TQ can be synthesized either de novo or from alpha-tocopherol. The fetus and newborn would primarily rely on de novo alpha-TQ synthesis for these mitochondrial desaturases because of low maternal transfer of alpha-tocopherol. Homogentisate, a pivotal intermediate in the de novo pathway of alpha-TQ synthesis, is synthesized by 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase. The major catabolic products of excess phenylalanine, viz. phenylpyruvate and phenyllactate, are proposed to inhibit alpha-TQ synthesis at the level of the dioxygenase reaction by competing with its 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate substrate, thus leading to a developmental impairment of 20:4n-6 and 22:6n-3 synthesis in uncontrolled PKU and fetuses of PKU mothers. The data suggest that dietary supplementation with carnitine, 20:4n-6, and 22:6n-3 may have therapeutic value for PKU mothers and for PKU patients who have been shown to have a low plasma status of these essential metabolites. Copyright 2001 Academic Press.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 250,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Easy Turmeric recipes + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2017 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.