"Umbilical cord prolapse and perinatal outcomes." - GreenMedInfo Summary
Umbilical cord prolapse and perinatal outcomes: Prolapse of the umbilical cord is an independent risk factor for perinatal mortality.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004 Feb ;84(2):127-32. PMID: 14871514
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Soroka University Medical Center, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
OBJECTIVES: To determine obstetric risk factors and perinatal outcomes of pregnancies complicated by umbilical cord prolapse.
METHODS: A population-based study was performed comparing all deliveries complicated by cord prolapse to deliveries without this complication. Statistical analysis was performed using multiple logistic regression models.
RESULTS: Prolapse of the umbilical cord complicated 0.4% (n=456) of all deliveries included in the study (n=121,227). Independent risk factors for cord prolapse identified by a backward, stepwise multivariate logistic regression model were: malpresentation (OR=5.1; 95% CI 4.1-6.3), hydramnios (OR=3.0; 95% CI 2.3-3.9), true knot of the umbilical cord (OR=3.0; 95% CI 1.8-5.1), preterm delivery (OR=2.1; 95% CI 1.6-2.8), induction of labor (OR=2.2; 95% CI 1.7-2.8), grandmultiparity (>five deliveries, OR=1.9; 95% CI 1.5-2.3), lack of prenatal care (OR=1.4; 95% CI 1.02-1.8), and male gender (OR=1.3; 95% CI 1.1-1.6). Newborns delivered after umbilical cord prolapse graded lower Apgar scores, less than 7, at 5 min (OR=11.9, 95% CI 7.9-17.9), and had longer hospitalizations (mean 5.4+/-3.5 days vs. 2.9+/-2.1 days; P<0.001). Moreover, higher rates of perinatal mortality were noted in the cord prolapse group vs. the control group (OR=6.4, 95% CI 4.5-9.0). Using a multiple logistic regression model controlling for possible confounders, such as preterm delivery, hydramnios, etc., umbilical cord prolapse was found to be an independent contributing factor to perinatal mortality.
CONCLUSIONS: Prolapse of the umbilical cord is an independent risk factor for perinatal mortality.