Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Non-aspirin NSAIDs, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and risk for cardiovascular events-stroke, acute myocardial infarction, and death from coronary heart disease.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2009 Nov;18(11):1053-63. PMID: 19637402

Abstract Author(s):

Christianne L Roumie, Neesha N Choma, Lisa Kaltenbach, Edward F Mitchel, Patrick G Arbogast, Marie R Griffin

Article Affiliation:

Veterans Administration, Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Tennessee Valley Geriatric Research Education Clinical Center (GRECC), Nashville, TN 37212, USA. christianne.roumie@vanderbilt.edu

Abstract:

PURPOSE: To determine if certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events: acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, and death from coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of Tennessee Medicaid enrollees aged 35-94 years between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 2005. Eligible persons were non-institutionalized, had continuous enrollment, and had no serious illness prior to cohort entry. Exposure to celecoxib, rofecoxib, valdecoxib, ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, and indomethacin was studied. The outcome was hospitalization for AMI, stroke, or death from CHD among those with and without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) are reported. RESULTS: There were 610 001 persons in the final cohort and 14% had a baseline history of CVD. In those without CVD (N = 525 249) there were 1 566 678 person-years of follow-up and 12 184 events. In this group, non-users had 7.90 events/1000 person-years. Events/1000 person-years were 10.41 for current use of celecoxib (aHR 1.00, 95% CI 0.89-1.13), 10.91 for rofecoxib (aHR 1.21, 95% CI 1.07-1.37), 12.46 for valdecoxib (aHR 1.30 95% CI 1.04-1.61), and 13.25 for indomethacin (aHR 1.36, 95% CI 1.11-1.66) compared to non-users. Among patients with a past history of CVD (N = 84 752) there were 397 977 person-years of follow-up and 10 248 events. Non-users had 28.30 events/1000 person-years. Among those with CVD, rofecoxib use was associated with increased event rate (30.28 events/1000 person-years [aHR 1.21, 95% CI 1.08-1.37]) and naproxen was associated with a decreased event rate (22.66 events/1000 person-years [aHR 0.88, 95% CI 0.79-0.99]). Among new users, the results were similar except risk among naproxen users was no longer different than non-users. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increased risk of cardiovascular events among all and new current users of rofecoxib, valdecoxib, and indomethacin in patients with no history of CVD. Among patients with CVD, all and new current rofecoxib use was associated with an increased risk of a cardiovascular event.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2018 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.