Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 250,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

Abstract Title:

Decreased vitamin A levels in common variable immunodeficiency: vitamin A supplementation in vivo enhances immunoglobulin production and downregulates inflammatory responses.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Clin Invest. 2000 Mar;30(3):252-9. PMID: 10692003

Abstract Author(s):

P Aukrust, F Müller, T Ueland, A M Svardal, R K Berge, S S Frøland

Article Affiliation:

University of Oslo, Oslo; University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway. pal.aukrust@klinmed.uio.no

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Vitamin A has a broad range of immunological effects, and vitamin A deficiency is associated with recurrent infections. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVI) is a group of B-cell deficiency syndromes with impaired antibody production and recurrent bacterial infections as the major manifestations, but the immunological dysfunctions may also include T cells and macrophages. In the present study we examined the possible role of vitamin A deficiency in CVI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed plasma vitamin A levels in 20 CVI patients and 16 controls, and examined the relationships between vitamin A and clinical, immunological and metabolic parameters in CVI. In the six CVI patients with the lowest vitamin A levels we also studied the effect of vitamin A supplementation in vivo on several immunological functions in these patients. RESULTS: (i) The majority of CVI patients had decreased vitamin A levels compared with healthy controls, as found in both cross-sectional and longitudinal testing. (ii) Low vitamin A levels were associated with the occurrence of chronic bacterial infections and splenomegaly as well as high neopterin levels. Decreased levels of carrier protein and malabsorption were not observed. (iii) Vitamin A supplementation in patients with low vitamin A levels resulted in increased interleukin-10 (IL-10) and decreased tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) levels, as found in both plasma and monocyte supernatants, possibly favouring anti-inflammatory net effects. (iv) Vitamin A supplementation in vivo also enhanced anti-CD40-stimulated IgG production, serum IgA levels and phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) proliferation. CONCLUSION: A considerable subgroup of CVI patients appears to be characterized by low vitamin A levels. Our findings support a possible role for vitamin A supplementation in CVI, perhaps resulting in enhanced immunoglobulin synthesis and downregulated inflammatory responses.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get two FREE E-Books

Our newsletter serves 250,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2018 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.