Yerba mate contains a potent aromatase inhibitor. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Evaluation of ursolic acid isolated from Ilex paraguariensis and derivatives on aromatase inhibition.
Eur J Med Chem. 2008 Sep;43(9):1865-77. Epub 2007 Dec 7. PMID: 18192087
The inhibitory potency of ursolic acid extracted from Ilex paraguariensis, a plant used in South American population for a tea preparation known as maté, and its derivatives to inhibit aromatase activity was assessed and compared to a phytoestrogen apigenin and a steroidal aromatase inhibitor 4-hyroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA). Among all compounds tested only ursolic acid 1 showed an efficient and dose-dependent aromatase inhibition with IC50 value of 32 microM as did apigenin (IC50=10 microM), whereas IC50 value of 4-OHA was 0.8 microM. Our results show that the incorporation of a metallocene moiety into the ursolic acid derivatives decreases the aromatase inhibition. Moreover, comparison of the structure/inhibitory potency relationship of compounds indicates that the presence of cycle A and the configuration of C3-OH and C17-COOH seems to be more favourable to recognize the active site of aromatase and to block its activity.