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Fruiting plants and humans both have reproductive organs called ovaries, and in the case of pomegranate fruit, the anatomical resemblance is absolutely striking:
Because our primary relationship to fruit is as a consumer, we are usually too immersed in the joyful act of eating fruit to take notice that it is by definition "the ripened ovary - together with the seeds - from one or more flowers of a plant."
The differences between species are obvious, of course: fruit-ovaries disperse their seeds by being eaten, and then excreted by animals, whereas human-ovaries, remaining intact within the body, disperse their "seeds" (eggs) by way of the fallopian tubes.
Observing a cross-section of the pomegranate and the human ovary, side-by-side, you can see the remarkable resemblance. The ancient 'doctrine of signatures' that Nature weaves into herself, and which is recognized by many systems of traditional medicine around the world, makes it so that sometimes the edible portion of a plant (food) will be of unique benefit to the organ in the body that it resembles. The walnut, for instance, has a skull-like protective casing, enclosing the bi-hemispheric meat of its seed, which strikingly resembles the very human brain that it is known to nourish with omega-3 fatty acids and other neuroprotective compounds.
In the case of pomegranate fruit, which again, is the ripened ovary – together with its seeds (babies) – from the pomegranate flower, it so perfectly resembles the human ovary in structure (and as we will see, function) that the resemblance is unlikely to be accidental. Could this be Nature revealing her gift of healing in a way that is so obvious that you would have to be blind not to see it? It may demonstrate the intelligent design woven into the co-evolutionary relationship between certain interdependent species; indeed, mammals and angiosperms (which comprise about 250,000 species and include most of the plants that provide the modern world its diet) co-evolved for at least 200 million years together, eventually rising to become dominant life forms on this planet.
Pomegranate: An Alternative To Hormone Replacement Therapy?
What is perhaps more amazing than the anatomical resemblance of pomegranate to the human ovary, is it functional resemblance. Experiments have been performed revealing that pomegranate contains an estrogen structurally and functionally similar to one found in mammals, namely, estrone,1 and is capable of replacing the function of the ovary when removed from female animals (the ovariectomy-induced postmenopausal experimental model). It is believe that at 17 mg per kilogram pomegranate is the highest known source for estrone in plants.
In a study published in 2004 in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, female rats, whose ovaries were removed, developed accelerated bone loss, loss of uterine weight and depressive symptoms which were reversed when administered pomegranate extract: