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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

NY Bill Passes Allows Minors as Young As 9 To Consent to HPV Vaccination

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A bill in NY just passed which allows children as young as 9 years old to receive the HPV and Hep B vaccine without parental consent. Sponsored by democratic Senator Liz Krueger, the Senate and Assembly versions of the bill (S3899 and A973) render children the equivalent of wards of the State, altogether negating the role of parents in determining whether their children should undergo medical interventions which the Supreme Court itself defined as “unavoidably unsafe,” and which the government has paid out over $4 billion in injuries since the inauguration of the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program in 1986. 

The bill summary is as follows: 

‘Provides treatment for sexually transmitted diseases to minors without a parent's or guardian's consent; provides definition for health care practitioner.”

The full bill is as follows: 

TITLE OF BILL:

An act to amend the public health law, in relation to providing medical
care to minors for sexually transmitted diseases without a parent's or
guardian's consent

 
PURPOSE OR GENERAL IDEA OF BILL:

To ensure that the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, including
immunization, of a sexually transmissible disease are available when
most effective

 
SUMMARY OF SPECIFIC PROVISIONS:

Section one amends the heading and subdivisions 1, 2 and 3 of section
2305 of the public health law. The section amends subdivision 1 to
provide that no person other than a health care practitioner shall diag-
nose, treat or prescribe for a person who is infected with a sexually

transmissible disease, or who has been exposed to infection with a sexu-
ally transmissible disease, or dispense or sell a drug, medicine or
remedy for the treatment of such person except on prescription of a
health care practitioner. This section amends subdivision 2 to provide
that a health care practitioner may provide health care related to the
prevention of a sexually transmissible disease, including administering
vaccines, to a person under age eighteen without the consent or know-
ledge of his or her parents or guardians provided such person has capac-
ity to consent to the care, without regard to the person's age, and the
person consents. Any release of patient information regarding vaccines
provided under this section shall be consistent with sections 17 and 18
of the public health law and other applicable laws and regulations. This
section one amends subdivision 3 by adding the definition of "health
care practitioner."

Section two provides the effective date.

 
JUSTIFICATION:

Section 2305 of the public health law currently permits a licensed
physician or a staff physician in a hospital to diagnose or treat
persons under age 21 infected with a sexually transmissible disease or
exposed to a sexually transmissible disease without the consent or know-
ledge of the parents or guardians of such persons. Yet current law does
not allow young people the same access to care to prevent sexually tran-
smissible diseases. The Legislature has recognized that it is critical
to protecting the health of young people to allow them to seek treatment
of sexually transmitted diseases without the consent of their parents or
guardians because we know that teens often do not seek parental consent
because a request for consent necessarily involves disclosing to parents
that the teen has engaged in sexual activity. The Legislature is aware
that if teens are not permitted to seek care and treatment of sexually
transmissible diseases, sexually transmissible diseases among many of
our teens would go untreated, severely impeding the State's ability to
control the spread of sexually transmissible diseases. This can be
particularly problematic in correctional settings where attempts to
obtain parental consent are often unsuccessful.

Regardless of setting, teens should not be limited to access to care on
a confidential basis after the fact, or after infection or contraction
of a sexually transmissible disease. Teens should have access to confi-
dential care before infection or contracting the sexually transmissible
disease, to prevent disease or life-threatening illnesses such as cervi-
cal cancer and liver cancer.

This is particularly evident when we possess safe and effective means,
such as the human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B vaccines, to
prevent our teens from becoming infected with the viruses that cause
such cancers.

Approximately 99.79 of all cervical cancer cases are linked to certain
types of the HPV virus. According to the American Cancer Society,
approximately 3,700 people die from cervical cancer in the United States
every year. African American women and Hispanic women in the U.S. are
disproportionately impacted by cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine, which
has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for males and
females age 11 - 26, with recommended vaccination of 11 & 12 year olds,
is most effective when administered before a person becomes sexually
active. Generally, this means administering the vaccine to persons under
the age of eighteen.

Armed with this knowledge, young people have sought to be immunized with
the HPV vaccine. Planned Parenthood and several community health centers
testified at a Senate hearing a few years ago that young women were
coming into clinics and centers requesting the HPV vaccine. Yet even
though teens may receive family planning counseling and birth control,
terminate a pregnancy, and receive treatment for a sexually transmissi-
ble disease, in each case without the consent of a parent or guardian,
those very teens cannot obtain the HPV vaccine without parental consent.

Similarly, a teen cannot obtain the hepatitis B vaccine without parental
consent. The hepatitis B virus (HBV), a major cause of liver disease,
ranking as a substantial cause of cirrhosis and cancer of the liver, is
sexually transmitted. Persons with HBV infection have the virus circu-
lating in their blood, much like HIV, (HBV is approximately 100 times
more contagious than HIV.) HBV infected persons either recover from
their infection in several months or they may remain chronically
infected for most of their life.

Although HBV is a common infection, it often goes unnoticed. Chronic
infection with HBV often goes undetected for 20 to 40 years until the
resulting liver disease makes the person ill. HBV can effectively
destroy the liver or stimulate the development of liver cancer in some-
one who thinks he or she is completely well. Persons who become chron-
ically infected with HBV as adolescents or adults have a 15% chance of
dying from liver disease and are at high risk of death from liver
cancer, 4,000 to 5,000 people die in the United States each year from
hepatitis B.

It is imperative that we promote protection against often fatal diseases
to those who will most benefit from that protection. By allowing health
care professionals to administer immunization against HPV, hepatitis B,
and other sexually transmitted diseases to persons under the age of
eighteen without the consent or knowledge of a parent or guardian, this
legislation promotes the health and well-being of persons at a most

critical juncture in their lives:  prior to being sexually active and
prior to exposure to viruses we know are linked to deadly diseases.

With this legislation, we can ensure that every person, regardless of
age, may receive the full range of reproductive and sexual health care
services, including prevention care, and where the person is under the
age of eighteen, if he or she has the capacity to consent and consents.

 

Disclaimer: This article is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of GreenMedInfo or its staff.
Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

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Depression: 21st Century Solutions + The Dark Side of Wheat

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