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View the Evidence: Substances

Pubmed Data : Clin Exp Immunol. 2007 Sep;149(3):470-9. Epub 2007 Jun 22. PMID: 17590176
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Microbes Infect. 2006 May;8(6):1450-4. Epub 2006 Mar 29. PMID: 16697231
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Minerva Ginecol. 2008 Oct;60(5):369-76. PMID: 18854803
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2008 Jan 1;27(1):48-57. Epub 2007 Oct 5. PMID: 17919270
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Sep 1;22(5):387-94. PMID: 16128676
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : J Am Coll Nutr. 2009 Jun;28(3):277-85. PMID: 20150601
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Mikrobiyol Bul. 2005 Jan;39(1):17-23. PMID: 15900833
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : J Pediatr. 2010 Mar;156(3):397-401. Epub 2009 Nov 2. PMID: 19880141
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Clin Nutr. 2010 Jun;29(3):312-6. Epub 2009 Nov 5. PMID: 19896252
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Pediatrics. 2010 May;125(5):e1171-7. Epub 2010 Apr 19. PMID: 20403940
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : J Pediatr. 1999 Nov;135(5):564-8. PMID: 10547243
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2009 Jul;29(7):639-41. PMID: 17360077
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2003 Feb;111(2):389-95. PMID: 12589361
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Br J Nutr. 2009 Jun;101(11):1722-6. Epub 2008 Nov 6. PMID: 18986600
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2007 Aug;17(4):352-63. PMID: 17962710
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008 Oct;122(4):788-94. Epub 2008 Aug 31. PMID: 18762327
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Lancet. 2001 Apr 7;357(9262):1076-9. PMID: 11297958
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Br J Sports Med. 2006 Apr;40(4):351-4. PMID: 15379842
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2007 Dec;45 Suppl 3:S190-4. PMID: 18185091
Study Type : Human Study

Pubmed Data : Alcohol. 2009 Mar;43(2):163-72. PMID: 19251117
Study Type : Animal Study

Pubmed Data : Int J Food Microbiol. 2002 Jul 25;77(1-2):19-27. PMID: 12076035
Study Type : Animal Study

Pubmed Data : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jun 30;106(26):10859-64. Epub 2009 Jun 18. PMID: 19496662
Study Type : Animal Study

Pubmed Data : Lett Appl Microbiol. 2010 Jul;51(1):6-10. Epub 2010 Apr 5. PMID: 20438618
Study Type : Animal Study

Pubmed Data : Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Jun 22;565(1-3):171-9. Epub 2007 Mar 7. PMID: 17395175
Study Type : Animal Study

Pubmed Data : Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009 Mar;48(3):368-72. Epub 2009 Jan 23. PMID: 19187508
Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Research from Finland's University of Turku has confirmed that a compound found in the bark of the Spruce tree and apparently other tree wood barks is a powerful and functional prebiotic that feeds our beneficial gut bacteria.

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