23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B may be novel method of treating cervical cancer. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Anticancer activity of 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B against the HeLa human cervical cell line is due to apoptosis and G/M cell cycle arrest.
Exp Ther Med. 2018 Mar ;15(3):2575-2582. Epub 2018 Jan 5. PMID: 29456661
Cervical cancer is one of the primary causes of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Due to the increasing incidence of cervical cancer, multiple treatment options are required. Initial responses to chemotherapy and surgical interventions are generally positive, however patients often experience relapse and tumor recurrence. Currently, the effects of cucurbitacins on different types of cancer are being investigated, as they exhibit a wide variety of bioactivities. The anticancer activity of the cucurbitacin 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B against a panel of human cervical cancer cell lines was investigated in the current study. Cell viability was determined using an MTT assay and apoptosis was detected using DAPI staining. The proportion of apoptotic cells, cell cycle distribution, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨ) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were estimated using flow cytometry. Protein expression was determined using western blot analysis. The results of the current study indicated that 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B inhibited the viability of human cervical cancer cell lines and had an ICof 40-60µM. However, its cytotoxic effects were much less pronounced in normal epithelial fr2 and HerEpiC cells, where it had an ICof 125µM. The underlying mechanisms of this were further studied and the results demonstrated that 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B induced apoptosis in HeLa cells and caused ROS-mediated shifts in the ΔΨ. Additionally, it caused the cell cycle arrest of HeLa cells at the G/M checkpoint. The phosphoinositide 3 kinase/protein kinase B/mechanistic target of rampamycin (PI3K/AKT/mTOR) cascade may serve an important role in cancer tumorigenesis, progression and resistance to chemotherapy. The results indicated that 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B significantly decreased the expression of important proteins in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR cascade. Taken together, these results suggest that 23,24-dihydrocucurbitacin B may be novel method of treating cervical cancer.