Effects of 2.45 GHz microwave exposures on the peroxidation status in Wistar rats.
Niger Postgrad Med J. 2003 Dec ;10(4):243-6. PMID: 15045019
M A Aweda
One of the consequences of exposures to microwave (MW) radiations is the enhanced production of free O2, free radicals, peroxides and superoxides. The effects on the lipid peroxidation status (LPS) of whole body irradiation of 120 Wistar rats with 2.45 GHz MW at a power density of 6mWcm(-2) have been studied using the MW generator model ER6660E from Toshiba UK Ltd. The LPS in the rats was monitored for a period of 8 weeks post irradiation using thiobarbituric acid (TRA) method. The MW exposures caused an increase in the LPS from the mean control value of 4.18 x 10(-6)g 1(-1)to a maximum of 6.50 x 10(-6) g 1(-1) within the first 24 hrs, and then gradually reduced to control value after about a week. 1mg kg(-1) of ascorbic acid administered before irradiation caused a decrease in the LPS from the control value to a minimum of 2.86 x 10(-6)g 1(-1) within the first week. The value then gradually rose to a maximum of 3.96 x 10(-6)g 1(-1) within the monitoring period. 1 mg kg(-1) of a-tocopherol also administered before irradiation also caused a decrease in the LPS from the control value to a minimum of 2.10 x 10(-6) g 1(-1) within the first week. The value then gradually rose to a maximum of 3.94 x 10(-6) g 1(-1) within the monitoring period. The results obtained from this study demonstrate that MW exposures cause significant increase in the LPS and there are protective effects of the anti-oxidants ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol.