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Abstract Title:

Effects of Yoga Respiratory Practice () on Anxiety, Affect, and Brain Functional Connectivity and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Abstract Source:

Front Psychiatry. 2020 ;11:467. Epub 2020 May 21. PMID: 32528330

Abstract Author(s):

Morgana M Novaes, Fernanda Palhano-Fontes, Heloisa Onias, Katia C Andrade, Bruno Lobão-Soares, Tiago Arruda-Sanchez, Elisa H Kozasa, Danilo F Santaella, Draulio Barros de Araujo

Article Affiliation:

Morgana M Novaes

Abstract:

refers to a set of yoga breathing exercises. Recent evidence suggests that the practice ofhas positive effects on measures of clinical stress and anxiety. This study explored the impact of atraining program on emotion processing, anxiety, and affect. We used a randomized controlled trial design with thirty healthy young adults assessed at baseline and after 4 weeks ofpractices. Two functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols were used both at baseline and post-intervention: an emotion task as well as a resting-state acquisition. Our results suggest thatsignificantly decreased states of anxiety and negative affect. The practice ofalso modulated the activity of brain regions involved in emotional processing, particularly the amygdala, anterior cingulate, anterior insula, and prefrontal cortex. Resting-state functional MRI (fMRI) showed significantly reduced functional connectivity involving the anterior insula and lateral portions of the prefrontal cortex. Correlation analysis revealed that changes in connectivity between the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and the right anterior insula were associated with changes in anxiety. Although it should be noted that these analyses were preliminary and exploratory, it provides the first evidence that 4 weeks ofsignificantly reduce the levels of anxiety and negative affect, and that these changes are associated with the modulation of activity and connectivity in brain areas involved in emotion processing, attention, and awareness. The study was registered at https://www.ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-2gv5c2/(RBR-2gv5c2).

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Therapeutic Actions : Yoga : CK(2132) : AC(244)
Pharmacological Actions : Anti-Anxiety Agents : CK(356) : AC(59)

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