5-hydroxytryptophan attenuates imiquimod-induced psoriasiform dermatitis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
5-hydroxytryptophan attenuates imiquimod-induced psoriasiform dermatitis probably through inhibition of IL-17A production and keratinocyte activation.
Exp Dermatol. 2018 11 ;27(11):1273-1279. Epub 2018 Oct 9. PMID: 30221419
Psoriasis is a chronic autoimmune disease with keratinocyte activation and lymphocyte infiltration in the skin. Our previous study found that 5-hydroxytryptophan (5(OH)Trp), a tryptophan metabolite, alleviated collagen-induced arthritis and suppressed cytokine production. In this study, we evaluated the effects of 5(OH)Trp in a mouse model for psoriasiform dermatitis, induced by imiquimod (IMQ). We showed that 5(OH)Trp significantly reduced the cumulative scores, epidermal thickness and ki-67 expression in the skin. In addition, 5(OH)Trp decreased local and systemic inflammation. Moreover, 5(OH)Trp significantly inhibited keratinocyte activation with decrease in IL-6 production and p-Erk1/2 and p-STAT3 expression. 5(OH)Trp also inhibited the differentiation of IFN-γ- and IL-17A-expressing CD4T cells and related cytokine production (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-17A and IFN-γ) in splenocytes. In conclusion, 5(OH)Trp can inhibit imiquimod-induced psoriasiform dermatitis in mice and inhibit activation in keratinocytes and splenocytes.