6-gingerol ameliorates hepatic steatosis via HNF4α/miR-467b-3p/GPAT1 cascade. - GreenMedInfo Summary
6-Gingerol Ameliorates Hepatic Steatosis via HNF4α/miR-467b-3p/GPAT1 Cascade.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15. PMID: 34139323
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can be modulated by microRNAs (miRNA). Dietary polyphenols modulate the expression of miRNA such as miR-467b-3p in the liver. In addition, 6-gingerol (6-G), the functional polyphenol of ginger, has been reported to ameliorate hepatic steatosis; however, the exact mechanism involved and the role of miRNA remain elusive. In this study, we assessed the role of miR-467b-3p in the pathogenesis of hepatic steatosis and the regulation of miR-467b-3p by 6-G through the hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α).
METHODS: miR-467b-3p expression was measured in free fatty acid (FFA)-treated hepatocytes or liver from high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Gain- or loss-of-function of miR-467b-3p was induced using miR-467b-3p-specific miRNA mimic or miRNA inhibitor, respectively. 6-G was exposed to FFA-treated cells and HFD-fed mice. The HNF4α/miR-467b-3p/GPAT1 axis was measured in mouse and human fatty liver tissues.
RESULTS: We found that miR-467b-3p was down-regulated in liver tissues from HFD-fed mice and in FFA-treated Hepa1-6 cells. Overexpression of miR-467b-3p decreased intracellular lipid accumulation in FFA-treated hepatocytes and mitigated hepatic steatosis in HFD-fed mice via negative regulation of glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase-1 (GPAT1). In addition, miR-467b-3p up-regulation by 6-G was observed. 6-G inhibited FFA-induced lipid accumulation and mitigated hepatic steatosis. Moreover, it increased the transcriptional activity of HNF4α, resulting in the increase of miR-467b-3p and subsequent decrease of GPAT1. HNF4α/miR-467b-3p/GPAT1 signaling also was observed in human samples with hepatic steatosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings establish a novel mechanism by which 6-G improves NAFLD. This suggests that targeting of the HNF4α/miR-467b-3p/GPAT1 cascade may be used as a potential therapeutic strategy to control NAFLD.