Abstract Title:

Investigation of accidental secondary exposure to CS agent.

Abstract Source:

Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2007 May ;45(4):409-11. PMID: 17486483

Abstract Author(s):

Steven M Hankin, Colin N Ramsay

Article Affiliation:

Health Protection Scotland, Clifton House, Clifton Place, Glasgow, UK. Steve.Hankin@hps.scot.nhs.uk


We report on an unusual exposure to o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS agent) following its use to detect unauthorized stowaways aboard a vehicle, and the subsequent handling of the cargo delivered to retail stores across Scotland. Twenty-one staff in 16 retail stores across Scotland experienced symptoms including itching and running eyes, rhinorhoea, a burning sensation on the face and hands, and a burning throat, following the furniture deliveries. A survey was conducted to assess the extent of exposure to the contaminated furniture and the scale of illness associated with exposure. Experiencing symptoms was significantly associated with having contact with the furniture or packaging (chi(2) = 10.5, p<0.001). This incident demonstrates the risk of inadvertent secondary exposure and subsequent acute symptoms from contact with residual CS agent when sprayed in the confined spaces of haulage vehicles.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.