Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

Abstract Title:

Prevention of selenite-induced cataractogenesis by acetyl-L-carnitine: an experimental study.

Abstract Source:

Exp Eye Res. 2006 Dec;83(6):1340-9. Epub 2006 Sep 8. PMID: 16962580

Abstract Author(s):

P Geraldine, B Brijit Sneha, R Elanchezhian, E Ramesh, C M Kalavathy, J Kaliamurthy, P A Thomas

Article Affiliation:

Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli, India. gerryarchu@yahoo.co.in

Abstract:

Several studies have suggested that antioxidants retard the process of cataractogenesis by scavenging free oxygen radicals. The present study sought to assess the efficacy of the antioxidant acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR) in preventing selenite-induced cataractogenesis in an experimental setting. The first, in vitro phase of the study was performed on lenses from Wistar rats incubated for 24 h at 37 degrees C in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) alone (control, Group I), or in DMEM containing 100 microM of selenite (Group II) or in DMEM containing 100 microM of selenite and 200 microM/ml ALCAR added at the same time as selenite (Group IIIa) or 30 min, 1 h or 2 h later (Groups IIIb, IIIc and IIId, respectively). Gross morphological examination of these lenses revealed dense opacification (cataract formation) in Group II, minimal opacification in some Group IIIa lenses and no opacification in Group I. The mean activities of the antioxidant enzymes catalase and glutathione peroxidase were significantly lower in Group II than in Group I or Group IIIa lenses, while malondialdehyde concentration (an indicator of lipid peroxidation) was significantly higher in Group II lenses than that in Group I or Group IIIa lenses. The second, in vivo phase of the study revealed dense opacification (cataract formation) in 100% of Wistar rat pups receiving subcutaneous sodium selenite alone (19 microM/kg body weight) but in only 37.5% of those receiving subcutaneous selenite and intraperitoneal ALCAR. These data suggest that ALCAR is able to significantly retard experimental selenite-induced cataractogenesis.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.