Activity of pterostilbene metabolites against liver steatosis in cultured hepatocytes. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Activity of Pterostilbene Metabolites against Liver Steatosis in Cultured Hepatocytes.
Molecules. 2020 Nov 20 ;25(22). Epub 2020 Nov 20. PMID: 33233676
Pterostilbene is a dimethyl ether derivative of resveratrol, less metabolized than its analogue, due to the substitution of two hydroxyl groups with methoxyl groups. Nevertheless, the amounts of pterostilbene phase II metabolites found in plasma and tissues are higher than those of the parent compound. The first aim of this study was to assess whether pterostilbene-4'--glucuronide (PT-G) and pterostilbene-4'--sulfate (PT-S) were able to prevent triglyceride accumulation in AML12 (alpha mouse liver 12) hepatocytes. This being the case, we aimed to analyze the mechanisms involved in their effects. For this purpose, an in vitro model mimicking the hepatocyte situation in fatty liver was developed by incubating mouse AML12 hepatocytes with palmitic acid (PA). For cell treatments, hepatocytes were incubated with 1, 10 or 25µM of pterostilbene, pterostilbene-4'--glucuronide or pterostilbene-4'--sulfate for 18 h. Triglycerides and cell viability were assessed by a commercial kit and crystal violet assay, respectively. Protein expression of enzymes and transporters involved in triglyceride metabolism was analyzed by immunoblot. The results showed for the first time the anti-steatotic effect of pterostilbene metabolites and thus, that they contribute to the preventive effect induced by pterostilbene on steatosis in in vivo models. This anti-steatotic effect is mainly due to the inhibition of de novo lipogenesis.